Clinical significance of accurate identification of lymph node status in distant metastatic gastric cancer.
PUBLISHED: 2015-12-28  1228 total views, 2 today

Zhou R1, Wu Z1, Zhang J1, Wang H1,2, Su Y1,3, Huang N1, Shi M1, Bin J4, Liao Y4, Liao W1.

Author information

1Department of Oncology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

2Department of Oncology, Zhoushan Hospital, Zhoushan 316000, China.

3Department of Oncology, The First People's Hospital of Yueyang, Yueyang 414000, China.

4Department of Cardiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.


Abstract

Purpose: The clinical consequences of accurately identifying lymph node (LN) status in distant metastatic gastric cancer (DMGC) are unclear. We aimed to determine the prognostic significance of N stage, positive LN (PLN) count, and the positive LN ratio (LNR). We also retrospectively compared survival outcomes of DMGC patients stratified by LN dissection (LND).

Patients and methods: Data from 1889 DMGC patients treated between 2004 and 2009, and documented in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry, were reviewed. Pearson's correlation coefficient and the Chi-square test were used to study the relationships between LND number, PLN count, N stage, and the LNR. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis, with the log-rank test performed for univariate analysis (UVA) and the Cox proportional hazards model employed for multivariate analysis (MVA).

Results: LND was performed in 1593 patients. The CSS was significantly different between groups divided according to N stage, PLN, and LNR in DMGC patients who underwent LND. Lower LNR was an independent predictor of longer survival in all kinds of patients cohorts, whereas PLN was not such a predictor. PLN count correlated with LND number and LNR. No correlation existed between LNR and LND number. Undergoing LND and having a higher number of dissected LNs were associated with superior CSS.

Conclusion: LN metastatic variables play important roles in the prognostic evaluation and treatment decisions of DMGC patients. Accurate identification of LN status in DMGC patients is critical. LND performance is associated with increased survival and has clinical practicability.


Keywords: LND; distant metastatic gastric cancer; lymph node status; palliative surgery; survival

Clinical significance of accurate identification of lymph node status in distant metastatic gastric cancer..pdf


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Author
Dr. Liao Wangjun
+ Author Profile

Dr. Liao Wangjun

MD,Professor of Surgery, CSCO membership

Deputy Director of Oncology, Nanfang Hospital.

Email:liaowj@fimmu.com

 

Research Area

  • Biological behavior and molecular mechanisms of digestive system tumors

  • Minimally invasive treatment of cancer

 

Therapeutic Projects

  • Ablation therapy including tumor ablation of liver, abdominal, pelvic, lung and other tumors (e.g. radiofrequency ablation and chemical ablation).

  • Establishment of special administration route, including percutaneous transhepatic portalvein port-catheter system implantation and deep vein chemotherapy pumpim plantation.

  • Radioactive seed brachy therapy for the treatment of superficial lymph node metastases,liver cancer, lung cancer beneath the chest wall, mediastinal tumors, renal tumors, thyroid tumors, abdominal and pelvic tumors.

  • Drainage,including some serosal effusion (e.g. pericardium, pleural cavity, abdominal cavity) catheterization, percutaneous puncture pyelostomy, biliary drainage, and abscess puncture drainage, etc.


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